Have an account? Log in or

Category Archives

Preposition construction

ESL Preposition Construction

Preposition construction is an exciting game that is very effective for teaching prepositions. If properly carried out, it is very rewarding due to a high level of involvement from the learners in the learning process.

Activity time: 30 minutes

Materials required: Desk, barrier (a large piece of cardboard paper or a light board that can act as a barrier), identical sets of objects (Examples: two plastic cups, two animals, two dolls, two pots, two plastic knives, two plastic stoves or any objects that the learners know the name of in the target language.)

Skills practiced: prepositions, new vocabulary and quick thinking.

Level: All levels


  1. On completion of a lesson on prepositions (in, on, beside, under, next to, etc.), organize the students into two teams; TEAM A and TEAM B (with a maximum of four students per team).
  2. Place each group on the opposite sides of the desk. Erect a barrier with the aid of a piece of cardboard or light board in the centre of the desk. This barrier should be high enough to prevent one team from seeing the other team on the other side of the desk.
  1. Ask the members of each team to be seated on each side of the barrier, then place half the objects in front of each team.
  2. Ask team A to construct any structure of their choice (note that the barrier should prevent team B from seeing what their mates are constructing)
  3. When team A completes their construction, then they will give team B instructions that will enable them to replicate same structure constructed by team A.


The doll is IN the pot

The pot is ON the stove

The cup is BESIDE the hammer

The hammer is NEXT TO the knife etc.

Questions can be asked by Team B to assist them to understand the nature of the structure, once they feel they have completely replicated it, the teacher removes the barrier and the structures will be compared.

Discover more games for young learners here 

5 Flashcard Games for young learners

5 flascard acitivities for young learners

This post looks at 5 flashcard games for young learners. These activities are a great way to practice vocabulary and speaking with young learners .





1.  Flashcard Story

Give students some flashcards in pairs. Get students to invent a simple story using the flashcards. The students tell the other students in class their stories.

2. Team game

Have ready two sets of word cards for the same flashcards for this game. Divide the class into two teams. Stick flashcards (as many as there are children in each team) on the blackboard or on the walls around the classroom. Give one word card to each child in both teams. When you call out the name of one of the flashcards, the child in each team who has the corresponding word card gets up and goes to touch the flashcard and hold up their word card as fast as they can. The child who gets there first each time wins a point for their team.

3. Classify the words

Draw two or three large circles on the blackboard and write the topic words at the top of each one e.g. animals, food, clothes. Children take turns to come to the front of the class, either individually or in pairs, read a word card that you give them and stick it in the correct circle.

4. Flashcard whispers

Children stand in two lines facing the blackboard. Secretly show the last child standing in each line a flashcard. This child then whispers the name of this flashcard to next child and so on up the line. The child at the front runs to the blackboard and draws or writes the word. They then go to the back of the line. Repeat the procedure several times.

5. Ball game

Have a soft ball ready for this activity. Stick 8-10 flashcards on the blackboard. Children stand in a circle. Hold up the ball, say One, two, three… and name one of the flashcards on the blackboard e.g. Dog! as you throw the ball to a child in the circle. The child who catches the ball repeats the procedure and names another flashcard. The game continues in the same way until all the flashcards on the blackboard have been named.

ESL Concentration

“Concentration” is a great way to revise and study vocabulary. This can be a great way to help your students remember spelling and words in a competitive memory challenge. 
Activity Time: 5 mins +
Materials required: paper, pencils, list of vocabulary (on whiteboard or flash cards), 
Skills practiced: Vocabulary and spelling, vocabulary revision
Level: Young learners
1. Write words on the board that you want your students to revise or place flashcards of the words.
2. Show the students the words or flashcards and tell them they have one or two minutes to look at the words and remember as many as they can. 
3. When the time is up, students have to write down as many words as they can remember. When they are finished they have to tell you what words they could remember. This is a great game for students to revise vocabulary. 
  • Put students in pairs or groups. 
  • Get the students to put the words in the correct order.